Hip Surgery

The Hip is one of the largest joints in the human body. It is a ball and socket joint wherein the socket is formed by part of the pelvic bone (acetabulum) and the ball is the upper end of the thigh bone (femoral head). Cartilage (a smooth tissue) cushions the end of the bones, enabling their easy movement. The synovial membrane (a thin tissue) surrounding the hip joint produces a fluid that lubricates the cartilage, which reduces friction during the movement of the hip. Ligaments connect the ball to the socket and are responsible for providing stability to the hip joint.

Hip Disorders

The most common cause of hip pain and disability is arthritis.
Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis are common forms of this condition.
Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear that is age-related. It usually happens to people who are above 50 or those with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage covering the bones of the hip gradually wears away and the bones start rubbing against each other, which causes hip pain and stiffness. Osteoarthritis may also be accelerated by irregularities in the development of the hip during childhood.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease wherein the synovial membrane becomes swollen and expands. This chronic inflammation can result in damage to the cartilage, and cause pain and stiffness.
Osteonecrosis is caused when due to a hip injury the blood supply to the femoral head is insufficient. This is called osteonecrosis (or avascular necrosis). The lack of blood may lead to the collapse of the surface of the bone.
Childhood hip disease Sometimes infants and children face hip problems. And even after successful treatment of the same during childhood, they may get arthritis at a later stage in life. This may happen due to improper growth of the hip which affects the joint surfaces.
Post-traumatic arthritis usually follows a severe hip injury or fracture. The cartilage may get damaged and gradually result in pain and stiffness in the hip.

Reasons for a Hip Surgery

If the hip is damaged by arthritis, fracture, or another condition and basic activities like walking and sitting or standing up become too painful, limiting daily activity and the pain persists while resting, then one should consult an orthopedic and start treatment immediately.
If the medication, lifestyle changes, physical therapy, and walking supports are unable to provide adequate relief, then the doctors may recommend hip replacement surgery. Hip surgery is a safe procedure and effective in relieving pain and improving motion. It slowly helps the patient to be able to carry out day-to-day activities without discomfort.

Before The Surgery

A medical evaluation is done by the doctor prior to surgery.

Total Hip replacement - Arthroplasty

During a hip replacement surgery, the damaged bone and cartilage are replaced with prosthetic components.

Recovery Post Surgery

After the surgery the patient is monitored in the recovery room for a few hours till they are ready to be shifted to the room or discharged. After that care at home and adhering to the treatment plan is very important.

Complications to look out for post-surgery

For the initial period after the surgery, it’s necessary to monitor and report any potential risk or warning signs.
  • Group 2200 Infection
  • Group 2201 Inequality in the length of legs
  • Group 2199 Any new damage or injury due to fall
  • Group 2196 Blood clots
  • Group 2202 Dislocation of the implant

Hospitals

Recommended Hospitals

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Apollo Hospitals, Mumbai

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Wockhardt Super Specialty Hospital Mira Road, Mumbai

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Apollo Hospitals, Mumbai

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SevenHills Hospital, Mumbai, India

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