What Are Irregular Periods?

Irregular periods, also called oligomenorrhea, can occur if there is a change in birth control, a hormonal imbalance, hormonal changes around the time of menopause, and resistance exercises. You may have irregular periods if:

Causes:

Because of a variety of causes, irregular intervals may be due, including:
Medications:
Some anti-inflammatory drugs, blood thinners, or hormonal drugs can affect menstrual bleeding. A side effect of intrauterine devices (IUDs) used for birth control can be heavy bleeding.
Hormonal imbalances:
The hormones estrogen and progesterone regulate the build-up of the lining of the uterus. An accumulation of these hormones may cause heavy bleeding. Hormonal imbalances are more common among girls who started menstruating in the past year and a half. They are also common in women nearing menopause.
Medical conditions:
Other Causes:

Diagnosis:

If you have abnormal menstrual periods, your doctor will probably start with a pelvic exam. They will ask for your medical history. You should list all the medications and supplements you are taking.
Depending on your specific symptoms, diagnostic tests may include:

Treatment:

Treatment will depend on:
Treatments may include the following.
Medication:
Drug treatments that your doctor may suggest include:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can minimize mild blood loss.
Medical procedures:
D&C:

• Dilation and curettage, also known as D&C, is a procedure in which your doctor dilates the cervix and scrapes the tissue from the lining of the uterus. This is a fairly common procedure and reduces menstrual bleeding.

Surgery:
• Surgery is the most common treatment for cancerous tumors. It is also an option for treating fibroids, but it is not always necessary. Polyps removal can be done by hysteroscopy.
Endometrial ablation:
• Endometrial ablation is a procedure used in women who have had no success with medications used to control heavy bleeding and related symptoms. This procedure involves your doctor destroying the lining of the uterus, leaving little or no menstrual flow.
Endometrial resection:
• Endometrial resection removes the lining of the uterus. This procedure significantly reduces your chances of a future pregnancy. If you are planning to have children, discuss and consider other treatment options.
Hysterectomy:
• The surgical elimination of the penis and cervix is a hysterectomy. Your doctor can also remove your ovaries. This results in premature menopause.
• When you have tumors or fibroids, this technique could prefer therapy. It can also treat endometriosis that has not responded to other less invasive treatment methods..
• Having a hysterectomy removes your ability to have children.

When to visit a Doctor?

If you have any of the following signs, call your physician:
Seek medical attention immediately if you have difficulty swallowing or breathing.

Home Remedies:

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of some causes of irregular menstruation. This includes:
Some herbal remedies, such as black cohosh, chaste berry, licorice root, and turmeric are said to help, but research has not confirmed their effectiveness and they may have adverse effects.

Doctors & Hospitals

Recommended Hospitals

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Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre, Chennai

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Gleneagles Global Health City, Chennai

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Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai

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