Spine Treatment

The spinal cord serves as a messenger for the body. It carries information from the brain to the rest of the body and back to the brain. The brain and spinal cord together make up the Central Nervous System (CNS).
The main functions of the central nervous system are:

Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord acts as the primary pathway for messages to be transmitted between the brain and the nervous system. The sensory information from the skin, muscles, & joints is carried to the brain, & the message from the brain is sent back to the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system connects the central nervous system to the body, serving as a link between the brain and spinal cord. In addition, the spinal cord contains motor neurons that are responsible for voluntary movement.
Types of Spinal Cord Injury:
People with arthritis or osteoporosis may also be at risk of a sacral spinal cord injury. Nerves in the sacral spine region control pelvic organs like the bladder and sex organs. Injury to this region may lead to a total or partial loss of voluntary control of bowel movements. However, it can be managed with specific equipment.
Classification of Spinal cord Injury:

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) or Spondylosis refers to the gradual deterioration of the disc between the vertebrae in the backbone. This is a common disorder for people over 40 as the chances increase with age. It is a disease of wear and tear & commonly happens in the lumbar spine (low back). However, it can occur anywhere in the spine.
Common symptoms are – Pain in the neck and lower back, weakness, numbness, and shooting pain in the arms & legs.
Major Causes of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD):
Degenerative Disc Disease requires surgery very rarely. The commonly used non-surgical treatments include anti-inflammatory medicines, physiotherapy, and exercise programs.
Recommended Physical Therapy:
Physical therapy is the most recommended method for maintaining healthy movement of the spine.
The common symptoms include:

Treatment of the Spine Disorders

The aim of Spinal Cord Injury treatment is to prevent further damage and provide relief to patients.

Spine Surgery

Surgery is required when the patient has very severe symptoms, pain interferes with day-to-day activities, and non-surgical treatment has failed after a reasonable period of time.
Fusion surgery is usually done and this permanently stops the motion of the spine at the level of the degenerated disc.
Keyhole surgery or microdiscectomy spine surgery is typically performed when there is a prolapsed disc in the lumbar (lower back) region that is pressing against a nerve.
Disc replacement surgery where an artificial disc is implanted into the spine to imitate the functions of a normal disc (carrying weight and allowing motion). Artificial discs are usually made of metal or plastic-like (biopolymer) materials or a combination of the two. The treatment for bulging disc and prolapsed disc is a disc replacement done in the cervical (neck) spine.
Consult your doctor to decide on a suitable surgery required in your condition.

Rehabilitation Post Treatment

After the patient’s condition stabilizes, doctors turn their attention to preventing secondary problems that may arise. These are deconditioning (change in previously learned behavior), muscle contractions, pressure ulcers, bowel and bladder issues, respiratory infections, and blood clots.
Rehabilitation specialists will help strengthen muscle function, redevelop motor skills, and learn techniques to accomplish daily tasks with minimal help. Introduction to some new technologies can make coping simpler. Automated wheelchairs, robotic gait training, electronic applications, etc are some of the technologies that aid a patient in getting back to routine life.

Doctors & Hospitals

Recommended Hospitals

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Manipal hospital, New Delhi

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BLK Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

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Apollo Hospital Indraprastha, Delhi

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Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai

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Wockhardt Super Specialty Hospital Mira Road, Mumbai

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Fortis Hospital Anandapur, Kolkata

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Ruby General Hospital, Kolkata

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Columbia Asia Hospital Hebbal, Bangalore

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BGS Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Bangalore

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Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Gurgaon

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Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurgaon

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W Pratiksha Hospital, Gurgaon

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